It is an increased proliferation of the skin layers due. Drimia indica in world checklist of selected plant families. Approximately 9000 plant species are known to have medicinal properties in india. Cr, which was tested positive for alkaloids, tannins and coumarins, increased faecal. The first category is very unique with underground bulbs. Gate ph question paper 2008 gate ph 2008 question paper free download pdf is available in. Phyto medicinal compounds from urginea indica kunth. Nov 21, 2003 in this study an antifungal protein from urginea indica bulbs was purified to homogeneity by acid precipitation, diol 300 gelfiltration, and c 18 reverse phase hplc.
The neutralization of antifungal activity after periodate oxidation of 29 kda. Phytochemical and antioxidant evaluation of urginea. Cglycosyl flavone from urginea indica inhibits growth and. The plants are often found in colonies and the large bulbs lie just below the surface. Major antifungal activity from the bulbs of indian squill urginea indica is a chitinase sandhya r. Compounds of structure i with 15, 17 and 20 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain as well as compounds of structure ii with 20, 22, 24. Urginea indica lilliaceae whole plant ethanol or alcoholic extraction alkaloids, flavanoids inhibition of protein denaturation method rehaman et al23 vernonia anthelmintica asteraceae seeds ethanol, acetonitril e sterols,sequiterp ene lactones,flavones complete freunds adjuvant cfa model otari k. When broadly circumscribed, the genus includes a number of other genera previously treated separately, including litanthus, rhodocodon, schizobasis and urginea. Nearly 100 years ago goebel 1921 complained that the typical textbook described the velamen radicum as a structure. In the apg iv classification system, it is placed in the family asparagaceae, subfamily scilloideae formerly the family hyacinthaceae. Jessop is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus drimia family asparagaceae.
In the present study, antioxidant status of different parts of u. Cglycosyl flavone from urginea indica inhibits growth and dissemination of ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells in mice volume. Propagation using bulbs of wild onion urginea indica roxb. Urginea indica, an endangered medicinal plant, commonly known as sea onion and methanolic extract of its bulbs has been reported to possess hypoglycemic and anticancer properties. Phytochemical and antioxidant evaluation of urginea indica. Indica plants are normally shorter and stockier plants, reaching 1.
Scilla the classic name of the plant, is derived from a greek word meaning to exite or disturb. The university of minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. In this study, a modified stesucrose, trishcl and ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid ctab. Urginea indica, morphometrics, accessions, aneuploids, vegetative characters 1. Indicas originate from the 30th parallel across the greater himalayas afghanistan, pakistan, india and nepal.
Cytolcgy of urginea indica 9 results and discussions the karyotype in each of the 60 plants examined, there were always 20 chromosomes in the rtcs fig. Urginea depressa wildflower indigenous plant database. The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms around 245202 million years ago, and the first flowering plants known to exist are from 140 million years ago. Since antiquity the use of plants of the genus urginea liliaceae has been reported in traditional treatments for several diseases. New alkylresorcinols from a lipophilic extract of urginea. The flowers, on stalks about 10 cm high, normally appears before the leaves and is very conspicuous after the veld was burned. Light microscopic studies tissue preparations for anther studies were made by fixing young flower buds in 2. Pdf on jan 1, 2012, ramarao malla and others published analysis of. It is a perennial bulbous geophyte of family hyacinthaceae now placed in asparagaceae. Cancer biology lab, department of biochemistry, gis, gitam university, visakhapatnam. Analysis of antioxidant and anticancer potentials of. The most part of the bulb is usually engrossed in soil kameshwari et al. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by bees.
Other constituents are mucilaginous and saccharine matter, including a peculiar mucilaginous carbohydrate named sinistrin, an inulinlike substance. Members of the liliaceae are famous for their use as medicinal herbs. Flowers pale brown, very distant in laxly flowered 1531 cm long racemes. It is bordered internally by an exodermis made up of two cell types. The bulb is used to control rheumatism, skin diseases and also as cardiac stimulant. Liliaceae was studied for its gastrointestinal stimulant effect to rationalize the traditional medicinal uses as a digestive aid, stomachic and laxative.
In particular, there were considerable morphological variations within the species. New alkylresorcinols from a lipophilic extract of urginea indica l. Urginea indica, urginea wightii, phytochemicals, methanol, petroleum ether. Leaves appearing after flowers, linearlanceolate, ensiform, 1530 46 x 12. In this study an antifungal protein from urginea indica bulbs was purified to homogeneity by acid precipitation, diol 300 gelfiltration, and c 18 reverse phase hplc. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 304999 with original publication details. The effects of indicas are predominantly physical, although the relief of certain physical symptoms can have emotional results as well. The journal covers all branches of pureapplied science and technology such as physics, chemistry, life sciences, medicine, earth sciences, engineering and technology. European scientific journal august 2017 edition vol. Tlcspectrophotometric assay of the main glycosides of red squill, a specific rodenticide.
Chemical constituents of wild onion urginea indica kunth. Urginea indica lilliaceae whole plant ethanol or alcoholic extraction alkaloids, flavanoids inhibition of protein denaturation method rehaman et al23 vernonia anthelmintica asteraceae seeds ethanol, acetonitril e sterols,sequiterp ene lactones,flavones complete. Its molecular mass was estimated to be 29 kda and periodic acidschiff pas staining showed that identified antifungal molecule is a glycoprotein. The flowers are widely spaced on the raceme, which is 1531 cm long, and are carried on. Paramasivam department of botany biosystematics laboratory, bangalore university, bangalore, karnataka india abstract psoriasis an inflammatory disease of the skin, noninfections. Extraction, isolation and characterization of phytoconstituents in. Biosystematics studies on medicinal plant urginea indica kunth. In the present study, phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of the methanolic extract of urginea indica bulbs was carried out.
Major antifungal activity from the bulbs of indian squill urginea indica is a chitinase. Some of the oldest prescriptions known are described by dioscorides in the 1st century a. In 1914, the annals of the missouri botanical garden, the flagship journal of the scientific publications program, was founded to contain research contributions from staff members at the garden, graduate students of the henry shaw school of botany of washington university, and from visiting botanists associated with the garden. Several alkylresorcinols presenting the substitution pattern of structures i 3methyl ether of 5alkyl2methylresorcinol and ii 1,3dimethyl ether of 5alkylresorcinol, were isolated from the dichloromethane extract of the airdried bulbs of urginea indica l. The fibres extracted from the leaves are used for cordage. An overview on liliaceae botany biology discussion. Introduction plants are essential component of the universe which provides the most important sources of medicines which dates back to prehistoric period.
When broadly circumscribed, the genus includes a number of other genera previously treated separately, including litanthus, rhodocodon, schizobasis and urginea one of the bestknown species is the sea squill, drimia. Standardization of dna extraction method from mature dried. Current science is a fortnightly journal published since 1932 by the current science association, bangalore india in collaboration with the indian academy of sciences. Cr was tested on mice and isolated gut preparations. Urginea maritima is a bulb growing to 1 m 3ft 3in by 0. Kunth, hyacinthaceae hemalata s k, bangalore university, india 15. Novel flavonoid glycosides from the bulbs of urginea indica kunth.
If you are generating a pdf of a journal article or book chapter, please feel free to enter the title and author information. Pdf studies on bronchodilator and cardiac stimulant activities of. There are no related plants for species urginea maritima. Introduction urginea is derived from the name ben urgin, a native ancient arab tribe of annaba bellakhdar, 1997. The fibres extracted from the leaves are used for twine, tow line, etc. Utilization and conservation of morus indica by using in vitro technology and bioinoculants b pushpavathi, bangalore university, india 15. Review article issn 22500480 vol 2issue 3julsept 2012 l 57 life science biotechnology. The information you enter here will be stored in the. Urginea depressa is a small bulbous plant covered with fleshy scales the narrow leaves almost forms a rosette. Article pdf available in indian journal of traditional knowledge 144. An drimia indica in nahilalakip ha genus nga drimia, ngan familia nga asparagaceae. The bulbs yield a raticide, and a drug, which is used as an expectorant and stimulant. Pdf phytochemical screening of bulbs extracts of urginea indica. Due to its small size, urginea depressa is more suited to container planting or in the front of a rockery.
Phytochemical and antioxidant evaluation of urginea indica kunth. Morphological variations in populations of urginea indica. Ethnobotanical study of antilithic plants of bhopal district. An drimia indica in uska species han liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni william roxburgh, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni john peter jessop. Liliopsida is considered the scientific name for monocots, but monocots may be called differently based on different taxonomic classification systems. Anatomy 38,50 sixteen populations of urginea indica kunth. Major antifungal activity from the bulbs of indian squill urginea indica is a. D naveen kumar, laxmi koteswramma k, anil kumar badana, seema kumari, nagendra sastry yarla and rama rao malla affiliation. Population differentiation and karyotype variation in urginea indica roxb. Drimia indica is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant which grows from bulbs. Pdf this study was designed to evaluate bronchodilator and cardiotonic effects of urginea indica to provide rational for these medicinal uses. Antiangiogenic and proapoptotic activity of a novel glycoprotein from u. Jessop hyacinthaceae, most commonly known also as urginea indica roxb.
This is to certify that the thesis entitled synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using leaf extract of azadirachta indica by tamasa panigrahi 411ls2058, submitted to the national institute of technology, rourkela for the degree of master of science is a record of bonafide research. Phytochemical and antibacterial action of the wild, ancient medicinal herb urginea indica roxb. The flowers, which appear in spring before the leaves, are borne in racemes on a leafless stem up to 60 cm long. The table shows currently valid species names the plant list, 20 along with taxonomic information family, order and, if applicable, the synonym used in the original publication, number of cell layers in the velamen, source and life form. Urginea indica populations were collected from various localities of karnataka and cultivated in the germplasm of department of botany, bangalore university, bangalore. Urgineaindicakunth is glaborous, bulbus herb occurs in the forests of maharashtra. Urginea indica attenuated rheumatoid arthritis and. Scilla maritima was the name given by linnaeus, but this was changed to urginea an allusion to the algerian. Urginea maritima sea squill, red squill pfaf plant database. Page 2 declaration i tamasa panigrahi hereby declare that, this project report entitled synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using leaf extract of azadirachta indica, submitted by me, under the guidance of dr. Urginea indica, an endangered medicinal plant, commonly known as. Red squill urginea maritima, liliaceae springerlink. Urginea altissima, idothea altissima, ornithogalum altissimum is a perennial bulbous plant producing a tall flowering stem followed by a rosette of leaves about 2050 cm long. The secondary metabolites produced by this medicinal plant are.
Gastrointestinal stimulant effect of urginea indica kunth. It is found in the western himalayas, bihar and along the coromandal coast. Drimia indica is a bulbous plant first producing a flowering stem up to 45cm tall and then a rosette of leaves growing 15 45cm tall from the bulb, which is 6 8cm in diameter 304 title. The velamen radicum is a spongy, usually multiplelayered, root epidermis that is composed of dead cells at maturity.
Liliaceae were examined to provide the first detailed description of leaf anatomy following the methods employed by johansen. It is in leaf from october to july, in flower from september to october. Pdf analysis of antioxidant and anticancer potentials of urginea. Biosystematics studies on medicinal plant urginea indica. Cytotaxonomic studies in the genus urginea stein in west africa. Department of botany, bangalore university, jnana bharathi campus, bangalore560 056, india. Analysis of antioxidant and anticancer potentials of urginea. Based on chloroplast dna sequences, the divergence date between monocots and dicots is estimated to be 200 million years, with a 40 million years uncertainty.1417 349 286 373 375 30 653 1357 1441 640 1107 188 1365 1352 1041 1115 965 1313 890 1005 1247 843 98 1197 895 328 89 83 890 94 433 663 990