The book contains no references to datable historical events. Joel reflects on the day of the lord and how true repentance will bring about the great restoration hoped for in the other prophetic books. On the other hand, their order in the septuagint the prechristian greek translation of the ot is. Below you will be able to find the answer to bible book between joel and obadiah crossword clue which was last seen on wall street journal crossword, february 27 2017. Listen to chuck swindolls overview of obadiah in his audio message from. Nothing is known of the author, although his prophecy against edom, a neighbor and rival of israel, indicates a date of composition sometime after the babylonian destruction of jerusalem in 587 b. Unlike the other books, joel tells us a story about a terrible plague of locusts that seems to. The book is named after the prophet who received the vision. The book of joel was likely written between 835 and 800 b. Bible book between joel and obadiah english crosswords. Though two of the shortest books in the bible, joel and obadiah are treasures rich in themes, imagery, and poetry. In the above chapter jeremiah predicts the destruction of the idumeans. Welcome to the study of the shortest book in the word. Faith and work before the exilehosea, amos, obadiah, joel, micah.
Dozeman, however, suggests that joel should be read within the corpus of the book of the twelve, as noted by barton p. In this commentary, barton discusses questions of historical background and literary architecture and unpacks the theological significance of the textboth historical and contemporaryof these. That search may be made in the book of the records of thy fathers. Jeremiah, if still alive at that time, was between 85 and 90 years old. We do not know anything of the book s author but his name obadiah servant or worshipper of jehovah. Therefore, while twelve other men named obadiah appear in scripture, old. In a way we do not do justice to the many interesting and effective themes that we have in a book like obadiah, but that is part of the challenge and benefit of a. Hosea, amos, micah, obadiah and joel were active in the eighth century when the state was well. Like so many of the prophets, little is known of obadiah. The book of obadiah is an oracle concerning the divine judgment of edom and the restoration of israel. In this, the shortest book of the old testament, it seems the prophet obadiah. In any case, its message is not significantly affected by its dating. This clue was last seen on daily celebrity crossword, crossword april 1 2018 in case the clue doesnt fit or theres something wrong please contact us.
Obadiah is concerned both with the events of 587 b. The twelve, book of the hebrew bible that contains the books of 12 minor prophets. His ear is attuned to the linguistic and literary features found in both books, and. In the holy bible what does the book of obadiah talk about. The book of joel is apocalyptic in nature, referring to the day of the lord. The latter prophets follow psalms and the wisdom books in the greek septuagint, as well as our christian old testament of the bible. In this commentary, barton discusses questions of historical background and literary architecture and unpacks the theological significance of the. Sometimes it helps to look up a book in a different bible translation. The people from edom were relatives of the people from israel. Many interpreters date it somewhere between the late seventh and early fifth centuries b. Point of note this is one of the 7 old testament books that are not quoted in the nt. The book of joel s division into chapters and verses differs widely between editions of the bible. Obadiah, the shortest book in the old testament, is only 21 verses long. This is what the sovereign lord says about edom we have heard a message from the lord.
Some believe that obadiah was a contemporary with hosea, joel, and amos 8th century bc. Although it is very difficult to be certain about the date for this bookespecially between views one and three, it seems best to this writer to identify obadiah with view four, and the fall of jerusalem 58685 b. The book of obadiah is the only one chapter book in the old testament. In favor are the many similarities between the book of obadiah and jeremiah 49. Obadiah 17 the first step in the future successes of the jews is the recovery of what was previously their own speakers commentary. Minor refers to the size of the book rather than their message. Both joel and obadiah emphasize judgement and the redemption of societal misconduct. Book of joel overview insight for living ministries. If there is a chance we have missed the answer you are looking for, feel free to contact us and we will get back to you with the answer as soon as possible crosswords are. While obadiah mentioned the terrifying event first obadiah 15, joels book gives some of the most striking and specific details in all of scripture about the day of the lorddays cloaked in darkness, armies that conquer like consuming fire, and the moon turning to blood. This book, the shortest among the twelve minor prophets, is a single twentyoneverse oracle against edom. However it is quoted in several places by the prophet joel and jeremiah. In this commentary, the author provides a fresh translation and an authoritative, theologicallyinformed treatment of every important aspect of the text. The book of joel accounts for justice over evil in a form thats unique to the other old testament prophets.
His father, pethuel, is mentioned nowhere else in the bible. It is comprised of a single oracle, spoken by a prophet of that name. Jewish publication society s version of the hebrew bible 1917 3. Summary of the book of obadiah the story of the bible. Available at a lower price from other sellers that may not offer free prime shipping. This invasion of locusts destroys everythingthe fields of grain, the vineyards, the. I will rehash some of his thoughts here and offer some of my own comments. An envoy was sent to the nations to say, rise, let us go against her for battle see, i will make you small among the nations. The book of obadiah home new christian bible study. Up until now, we have simply read the next section in the bible. Obadiah niv obadiahs vision the vision of bible gateway. The book of the prophet obadiah is the shortest book of the ot with 21 verses only. See the parallel texts, and the notes on jeremiah 49. On this page you will find the solution to old testament book between joel and obadiah crossword clue.
Amos done with old testament book between joel and obadiah. God of all other nations as well, and judgment would come from him. Reading the nlt below is pretty easy to understand. If position in the canon argues for chronology, why not place obadiah before hosea, joel, and amos.
Chapter 49 of the isaiah scroll from the dead sea scrolls. Some have thought that this is the same obadiah that was ahabs steward in 2 chronicles 17. More than ten persons of the ot bear the same name but none of them is identical with the prophet. The position of the book in the old testament canon argues for an early date.
While several options have been proposed by scholars, the best argument places obadiah in the 840s bc, making him the earliest writing prophet, a few years prior to joel, and a contemporary of elisha. A date after the babylonian exile would be indicated if joel 2. It can thus be debated that joel has some universalistic concerns, of which i am inclined to believe. The book closes with the promise of deliverance for zion. On this page will find the solution to bible book between joel and obadiah crossword clue. The collection is broken up to form twelve individual books in the christian. Apr 01, 2018 on this page you will find the solution to old testament book between joel and obadiah crossword clue. Hosea, amos, micah, joel, obadiah, jonah, nahum, habakkuk. Dissolving the barrier between the seen and unseen. Obadiah is a prophet of god who uses this opportunity to condemn edom for sins. The book of obadiah was likely written between 848 and 840 b. The book of obadiah contains a short message about the country called edom. Preface abbreviations select bibliography for joel select bibliography for obadiah the book of joel introduction commentary on joel. The books of joel, obadiah, jonah, and micah the new.
The book of joel has striking linguistic parallels to the language of amos, micah, zephaniah, jeremiah and ezekiel. The smallest old testament account, the book of obadiah is a vision written by the lords prophet known as obadiah, who prophesied against israels relative nation edom. From this book, we can see that he was acquainted with the land, the farming and the. On the other hand, not only obadiah but even the much earlier prophet amos compare joe 3. As a result, gods prophets from this period have much to say to the world of work. Book of obadiah overview insight for living ministries. The prophecy of obadiah is naturally divided into three sections. Obadiah was the name of a variety of individuals in the ancient world.
In a way we do not do justice to the many interesting and effective themes that we have in a book like obadiah, but that is part of the challenge and benefit of a rapid overview. He could have lived even to pen the book s closing scene ca. The book of obadiah introduction to the book of obadiah in the bible. Obadiah verse 1 identifies the author of the book of obadiah as the prophet obadiah. The commentary on micah is the basic one of these four in that it treats at greater length some of the same forms and motifs that appear in joel, obadiah, and jonah. We have heard a rumour from the lord, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle. Obadiah announces edoms downfall to babylon, which is an image of how god will bring down all arrogant and violent nations. Obadiah predicts the coming of the day of the lord and the establishment of. Hosea, joel, amos and obadiah spotlight on the word. The books of joel, obadiah, jonah, and micah the new international commentary on the old testament allen, leslie c.
Introduction the author the author of the book is named obadiah which means servant of yahweh. There are many people with this name in the old testament. The pride of your heart has deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rocks and make. This invasion of locusts destroys everythingthe fields of grain, the vineyards, the gardens and the trees. There are three recognised headings to prophetical books word, burden i.
First, obadiah may be an extended elaboration on amos 9. The book of the twelve or the minor prophets biblica the. The restoration of davids kingship through israels messiah would not only restore the fortunes of judah but would include a remnant of edom deut. The masoretic text places joel between hosea and amos the order inherited by the tanakh and old testament, while the septuagint order is hoseaamosmicah joel obadiah jonah. A commentary and millions of other books are available for amazon kindle. Obadiah meansservant of the lord and occurs 20 times in the ot, referring to at least 20 other ot individuals. Story, understanding old testament ethics wjk, and how the bible came to be wjk. Obadiah has the dubious distinction of being the shortest book in the old testament. This would mean that joel wrote his book no later than the time of uzziah, perhaps about 820 b. Twelve other men in the old testament have this name, none of whom can be identified with the author of this book. The hebrew text of joel seems to have suffered little from scribal transmission, but is at a few points supplemented by the septuagint, syriac, and vulgate versions, or by conjectural emendation. Author and date nothing is known for certain about the author.
They debate its author and date of composition, and they point to the striking similarity between passages in obadiah and jeremiah to question whether obadiah. Obadiah is the shortest book in the ot and is not quoted in the nt. The parallels between jeremiah and obadiah are probably due to the priority of jeremiah or a common source d. Obadiah is a prophet of god who uses this opportunity to condemn edom for sins against both god and israel. Nevertheless, i believe that the prophesy occurred sometime immediately after 586 b. Dating the book of obadiah accurately is nearly impossible due to the scant historical information contained in the book. The books of joel, obadiah, jonah, and micah the new international commentary on the old. Instead of writing my own summation, consider scott bissells.
Old testament book between joel and obadiah solution. God compares the past to the future in the book of joel. But the inhabitants of edom refused to help when the people from israel suffered. Jun 28, 2016 sometimes it helps to look up a book in a different bible translation. There is no additional information about this prophet, even though the name obadiah is frequently found in the old testament, identifying at least a dozen different persons. The text consists of a single chapter, divided into 21 verses, making it the shortest book in the hebrew bible. Unlocking the old testament part 48 obadiah and joel 1 youtube. Some think that obadiah was a steward in the household of king ahab 1 kings 18. This fact makes it difficult to date the time of writing. And the house of jacob shall possess their possessions. The minor prophets or twelve prophets occasionally book of the twelve, is the last book of the neviim, the second main division of the jewish tanakh. Joel is the 29th book of the old testament and bible. As brief as this book is, scholars raise many questions about it.
The biggest piece of evidence for this early date comes from obadiah 1. Old testament book between joel and obadiah daily celebrity. The introductory material for joel includes discussions of canonicity and textual criticism that apply to the entire volume. In these three booksjoel, amos, and obadiahwe learn of three. Obadiah means servant of the lord or one who serves shortest book in the old testament. Plans for women plans about books of the bible what is gods calling for your work. The term minor relates to the length of each book ranging from a single chapter to fourteen. Edoms pride and downfall is disclosed in the book of. All quotes should start with a citation of bible displayed in book chapterandverse translation format.
Hosea, joel, amos, obadiah, jonah, micah, nahum, habakkuk, zephaniah. The book of joel states that its author was the prophet joel joel 1. Through two of the shortest books in the bible, joel and obadiah are treasures rich in themes, imagery and poetry. The prophesy is entirely against edom, the descendants of esau, the brother to jacob who was the father of the.
Whether he copied obadiah, or obadiah copied him, cannot be determined. The book of joels division into chapters and verses differs widely between editions of the bible. If there is a chance we have missed the answer you are looking for, feel free to contact us and we will get back to you. Like most prophetic books then, obadiah calls its readers to have faith in god as they find themselves in an alreadyandnotyet time, a time between what has already happened and. John barton offers many insights into the text of joel in this commentary. Obadiah with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Joel was a prophet in the southern kingdom of judah during the period of the divided kingdom 930722 bc.1143 1529 863 1530 328 341 324 818 861 1175 1105 306 562 181 298 1604 1372 703 1376 1564 293 75 920 909 1123 121 1598 1206 1026 1372 478 981 1542 185 1395 779 1118 662 1008 799 536 1100 680 1084 1288 1065 706 1480 911